The pedals do not rotate relative to the crank arm frame of reference. They do rotate, once per crank rotation, relative to the frame or ground.
Great Notch, NJ
> So easy to ask ,
> So difficult to answer .
> The axles / spindles of pedals are fixed , and can not rotate in any way
> at all .
> Which is why , as the cranks turn , they rotate .
> And that in turn , brings us back to , if axles are fixed , and spindles
> rotate , what do pedals have ?
> Raoul Delmare
> Marysville Kansas
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: <Philcycles@aol.com>
> To: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> Sent: Friday, October 24, 2003 4:39 PM
> Subject: Re: [CR]Spindles Rotate , Axles Don't
> > In a message dated 10/24/03 2:31:08 PM, Raoul.L.Delmare@worldnet.att.net
> > writes:
> > >What do pedals have ?
> > Applying the Socratic method, Do they rotate?
> > Phil Brown
> > Feeling pendatic in San Rafael, Calif